Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
The United States has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world.1 According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, in the US, roughly six out of 1000 children die before their first birthdays. Of these, about 4000 infants (1 in 6) die each year from unexplained causes. These deaths are referred to as Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID), the death of an infant less than 1 year of age that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly, and whose cause of death is not immediately obvious before investigation. SUIDs includes SIDS, Unknown, and “Accidental Suffocation and Strangulation in Bed.”
The following data from the Centers for Disease Control shows that while SIDS rates in the US have come down, the overall SUID rate has not improved since the mid ‘90s. Over 20,000 children die each year in the US in their first year of life. While there have been great strides in prevention of death due to neonatal preterm birth complications (still the leading cause of death worldwide), there hasn’t been any comparable improvements in preventing SIDS.
Definition of SIDS (CDC)